Top 5 Commercial Hydroponic Systems that can Boost the Productivity of Your Garden
There is no doubt that commercial hydroponics has revolutionized the production of high quality foods and flowers.
It is easier now to grow and manage a variety of food crops hydroponically than to use conventional irrigation systems.
This means it is possible for you to increase the yield and the quality of produce you grow without spending a fortune.
Majority of commercial crops such as tomatoes, lettuce, pepper, cucumbers, herbs, medicinal plants, fruits, and specialty crops are now grown hydroponically.
If you are interested in developing your own commercial hydroponic garden,
then you need to know the best type of commercial hydroponic system that are available and how to operate them.
In the section below, you will discover some of the common hydroponic systems for commercial hydroponic farming.
Commercial Hydroponic System 1 - Nutrient Film Technique
This is one of the easiest commercial hydroponic farming systems to operate and maintain.
Basically, crops are grown in plastic sheeting in equally spaced holes.
A liquid mixture of nutrients plus highly oxygenated water is propelled into the elevated end of the gully.
Afterwards, the nutrients move to the plant roots via gravity.
The solution baths the roots with a thin film of well-balanced and nutrient rich solution and the remaining solutions finds its way to the tank where the cycle is repeated.
The good thing about this commercial hydroponic system is that the roots of the plants grown in this hydroponic system have greater exposure to nutrients which in turn helps maximize production of the crops.
This hydroponic technique is used extensively in greenhouse hydroponic vegetable production.
Watch the video below as UF Extension Specialists Bob Hochmuth and Mike Sweat discuss the technique, its benefits and some minor drawbacks.
To find out more about the nutrient film technique hydroponic system… click here
Commercial Hydroponic Farming System 2 - Drip Fed Media Based Culture
This is a very popular commercial hydroponics system used in Holland and other agricultural based economies in Europe.
It is also known as the Slab Culture.
In this system, the crops are grown in mediums such as Rockwool or CoCo Coir.
However, sand and sawdust can also be applied as substitutes.
In a Drip fed hydroponic system, plants are grown in a growing tray separate from the nutrient reservoir.
A pump is submerged in the nutrient reservoir to push the nutrient solution to feed the plants via small tubes from the top.
The Nutrient solution that is dripped onto the base of each plant will slowly seep through the growing medium and then reach to the root zone.
A timer is used to control the pump for the watering cycles.
This system is ideal for long-term crops such as cucumbers, peppers, and tomatoes which have large root systems.
The good thing about this system is that it supports intermittent feeding of plants.
In addition, the media holds much nutrients and it also minimizes run off so that plants have adequate supply of nutrients.
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